Teotihuacan, Archaeological Site and Tourist Attraction in Mexico


INDEPHEDIA.com - Teotihuacan is a large archeological site that is also a tourist attraction located in the valley of Mexico, Mexico, and covers several pyramid structures that were erected in pre-Colombian times.

The word "Teotihuacan" is taken from the Aztec Nahuatl language, meaning the birthplace of gods. According to the Aztec legend, this is where the gods gather to design the creation of life.

On the Teotihuacan site, besides there are many pyramid buildings, also formerly a large settlement complex. On this site found a tomb with beautiful paintings. The name Teotihuacan is also used to refer to the kingdom that controls this valley, which in its golden period covered much of Mesoamerica.

The development of the city of Teotihuacan is estimated to begin around 300 BC, and reach its golden age around 300-600 AD In the beginning, Teotihuacan covered 13 km² and is estimated to have a population of over 150,000 inhabitants, possibly reaching 200,000.

Archaeological evidence suggests the city of Teotihuacan consisted of natives originating from all parts of Mesoamerica, such as Mixtec, Zapotec and Maya. The Teotihuacan people established trade relations with several other regions in Mesoamerica, such as the obsidian trade.

The Teotihuacan settlement center is equipped with important religious buildings, such as the Sun Pyramid and Moon Pyramid, Quetzalcoatl Temple, small temples and palaces.

There is no written text of Teotihuacan remaining, but the mention of Teotihuacan can be known from the text on the Maya website, which shows the Teotihuacan leader wandering and subdue local authorities as far as Honduras.

From Mayan hieroglyphic inscriptions, it is mentioned that the Javelin Throwing Owl, possibly the Teotihuacan Maharaja who ruled for more than 60 years, entrusted his brother as king of the Tikal and Uaxactun Kingdoms in Guatemala.

In 650, Teotihuacan suffered a setback. Teotihuacan then got an invasion from the Toltecs around 750. The ruins of Teotihuacan, a place of human settlements in the Aztec era, was one of the attractions for tourists visiting Mexico since the 19th century to the present. (WS.IN/ENG/*)
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