Origin, Inventor and Contents of The Kedukan Bukit Inscription


INDEPHEDIA.com - The Kedukan Bukit Inscription is a relic and trace of the Sriwijaya Kingdom which was discovered on November 29, 1920 at Kedukan Bukit, 35 Ilir Village, Palembang, South Sumatra, Indonesia.

The exact location of this discovery was on the banks of the Tatang River, a tributary of the Musi River, by a Dutchman named C. J. Batenburg.

The stone inscription measuring 45 × 80 cm or 18 inches × 31 inches contains writing using Pallawa and Old Malay letters. Based on research results, this charter is dated 682 AD.

After being discovered, this stone inscription was successfully translated 4 years later by a Malay linguist named Philippus Samuel van Ronkel.

The following is the text of the Kedukan Bukit Inscription

svasti śrī śakavaŕşātīta 605 ekādaśī śukla-
klapakşa vulan vaiśākha ḍapunta hiyaṃ nāyik in
sāmvau mangalap siddhayātra at saptamī śuklapakşa
vulan jyeşţha ḍapunta hiyaṃ maŕlapas from minānga
tāmvan mamāva yaṃ vala dua lakşa with kośa
two hundred ways in sāmvau with the sarivu road
tlurātus seperu dua vañakña dātaṃ in jap eyes (mukha upaṃ)
sukhacitta in pañcamī śuklapakşa vulan... (āsāḍha)
laghu mudita dātaṃ marvuat vanua ...
śrīvijaya jaya siddhayātra subhikşa nityakāla

Meaning/Meaning of the Text of the Kedukan Bukit Inscription

Happy ! Śaka's year passed 605, on the eleventh day
half-moonlight Waiśakha Dapunta Hiyang rides on
the canoe takes the siddhayatra. on the seventh half-bright day
month Jyestha Dapunta Hiyang left Minanga
Tamwan brought an army of two laksa with supplies
two hundred ways (crates) in a canoe with a thousand walks
three hundred and twelve in number came in jap eyes (Mukha Upang)
joy on the fifth half-moon day....(Asada)
relieved happy to come make wanua....
Śrīwijaya is victorious, siddhayātra is perfect....

The contents of this inscription, among other things, describe the arrival/return of troops (armies), the voyage (canoe) carrying supplies carried out by Dapunta Hyang from the Sriwijaya Kingdom.

From the Kedukan Bukit Inscription, it was found that Dapunta Hyang departed from Minanga and conquered the area where this inscription was found (Musi River, South Sumatra).

Because of the similarity in sound, some argue that Minanga Tamwan is the same as Minangkabau, namely the mountainous region upstream of the Batanghari River.

There is also an opinion that Minanga is different from Malayu (Malay), both areas were conquered by Dapunta Hyang. Where the conquest of Malayu took place before conquering Minanga.

This opinion considers that the contents of the inscription tell about the conquest of Minanga, not leaving (origin) from Minanga. (*)

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