Definition and Types of Montage in Film Making

Photo Source: Wallpaper via Republika - Montage is a technique used in film editing. Montage or film editing/editing is part of the post-production process of a film.

Montage or also called montage in film terms is a technique of editing separate thematic pieces of film and then combining them into an orderly sequence.

According to the Dictionary of Television & Film Terms by Ilham Zoebazary (2010), montage is a sequence of images that are presented in a flowing, integrated, or sometimes cut from one to another.

Techniques like this are useful for showing changes or reversals of time and location in a film.

The montage technique is also famous for its trademark, namely juxtaposition, a film editing technique that combines two or more shots to generate an idea or create a thought.

Montage Types

In order to create a film that is able to arouse the audience's emotions, a filmmaker must be able to choose the right type of montage.

In its application, there are 5 types of montage editing techniques. The five types of montage are Metric Montage, Rhythmic Montage, Tonal Montage, Overtonal Montage and Intellectual Montage.

1. Metric Montage

Metric montage is a technique for shortening shots briefly when the audience has to absorb the information in each shot.

Metric Montages cuts the video footage differently from the music, but retains the essence and storyline. This technique can create a dramatic film atmosphere.

2. Rhythmic Montage

Rhythmic montage refers to the continuity arising from the visual patterns in the shot. Rhythmic Montages cuts video footage based on scenes or images taking into account the tempo and rhythm of the music.

Photo Source: Kincir

3. Tonal montage

Tonal montage aims to build an emotional character and tone or mood that is used as a guide for interpreting it. Tonal Montage cuts the video footage based on the emotional side of the scene.

4. Intellectual/Ideological Montage

Whereas the previous type of montage focused on encouraging an emotional response, the Intellectual Montage seeks to express abstract ideas by creating connections between opposing visual intellectual concepts.

Intellectual Montage is used by placing video footage based on the meaning and emotion in it. This will create a metaphor that describes the relationship between the first scene and the next.

5. Overtone Montage

Overtonal Montage is a combination of all types of montage that aims to create conflict. This type of montage combines speed, ideas and emotion to induce the desired effect in the viewer.

In this type of editing technique, the filmmaker can choose the tempo of the music, images or cut scenes to create an emotional response in the audience.

Montage is of interest to filmmakers because it can speed up time, create tension and create contrasting stories.

Then, with montages, filmmakers can convey a lot of information at once, describe characters and combine several storylines to make a film. (*)

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