Albert Einstein, Theoretical Physicist Developing The Theory of Relativity and Quantum Mechanics

Photo Source: Getty Images via Detik - Albert Einstein is the greatest scientist of the 20th century and is an inspiration to many people in the world.

Einstein put forward the theory of relativity and also made many contributions to the development of quantum mechanics, statistical mechanics and cosmology.

Albert Einstein was born on March 14, 1879 in Ulm, Kingdom of Württemberg, German Empire, to Hermann Einstein (father) and Pauline Koch (mother).

Who would have thought that Einstein, who was once considered to have a mental disability because of his abnormal growth, would later become a great physicist.

Einstein was only able to speak at the age of 4, which was not natural. However, the growth delay does not make him disabled forever. He was actually awarded a smart brain.

Developer of the Theory of Relativity and Quantum Mechanics

Albert Einstein was a genius theoretical physicist and is famous for developing the theory of relativity and also the theory of quantum mechanics.

Relativity and quantum mechanics are two pillars of modern physics. His works are also known for their influence on the philosophy of science.

Einstein's best known equation is the mass-energy equivalence formula E = mc2, which has been called the world's most famous equation.

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Early in his career, Einstein argued that Newtonian mechanics was no longer able to unify the laws of classical mechanics with the laws of the electromagnetic field.

This fact prompted him to develop the special theory of relativity while working at the Swiss Patent Office in Bern (1902–1909).

But, as development progressed, Einstein realized that the principle of relativity could also be expanded to include gravitational fields.

Then, in 1916, he published a paper on general relativity with his theory of gravity.

During his lifetime, Einstein published more than 300 scientific papers and more than 150 non-scientific works.

Nobel Prize in Physics

For his services to theoretical physics, and in particular for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect, which was an important step in the development of quantum theory, Einstein received the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1921.

Einstein lived in Germany (the country of his birth and childhood), Italy, Switzerland, Austria (now the Czech Republic), Belgium and most recently in the United States.

Albert Einstein died in Princeton, New Jersey, United States (US), April 18, 1955, at the age of 76. (*)

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