Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park (TNBBS) World Heritage Site


INDEPHEDIA.com - Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park (TNBBS), a national park on the island of Sumatra, Indonesia, which UNESCO has designated as a World Heritage, is intended to protect the tropical rain forests of the island of Sumatra and its rich natural resources.

Bukit Barisan Selatan was declared a Wildlife Reserve in 1935 and became a national park in 1982. Initially, the size of this national park was 356,800 hectares. However, the current park area calculated using GIS is approximately 324,000 hectares.

Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park is a conservation area located at the tip of the southwestern region of Sumatra. About 70 percent of the park or 249,552 hectares is included in the administration of the West Lampung Regency and the Tanggamus region, both of which are part of the Lampung Province.

Meanwhile, the other part of the park covers 74,822 hectares or 23 percent of the total park area is in the Kaur region of Bengkulu Province. South Sumatra Province is also very important for the overlapping of park boundaries with the provincial borders.

Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park has several lowland forests in Sumatra that were last protected. This national park is rich in biodiversity and is home to three of the most threatened species of large mammals in the world, namely the Sumatran elephant, Sumatran rhino and Sumatran tiger.

Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park is covered by Global 200 Ecoregions, which ranks the most striking terrestrial, freshwater and marine habitats on earth from a biological perspective created by WWF. The park was highlighted as a priority area for the conservation of Sumatran rhinos through the Asian Rhino and Elephant Action Strategy (AREAS) program from WWF.

In addition, IUCN, WCS and WWF have identified the Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park as the Tiger Conservation Unit, which is the most important forest area for tiger conservation in the world. Finally, in 2002, UNESCO selected this area to be proposed as a World Heritage Cluster Mountainous Area along with Gunung Leuser and Kerinci Seblat National Parks. (SBB.IN/ENG/*)
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